Text from page 4 of catalogue Ground ball screws
Page 4 of catalogue Ground ball screws of SKF Linearsysteme GmbH2 Recommendations Selection
NB.: Only basic selection parameters are included. To make the very best selection of a ball screw, the designer should specify such critical parameters as the load profile, the linear or rotational speed, the rates of acceleration and deceleration, the cycle rate, the environment, the required life, the lead accuracy, the stiffness, and any other special requirement. If in doubt, please consult an SKF ball screw specialist before placing an order.
Basic dynamic load rating (Ca)
The dynamic rating is used to compute the fatigue life of ball Screws. It is the axial load constant in magnitude and direction, and acting centrally under which the nominal life (as defined by ISO) reaches one million revolutions.
Nominal fatigue life L10 The nominal life of a ball screw is the number of revolutions (or the number of operating hours at a given constant speed) which the ball screw is capable of enduring before the first sign of fatigue (flaking, spalling) occurs on one of the rolling surfaces. It is however evident from both laboratory tests and practical experience that seemingly identical ball screws operating under identical conditions have different lives, hence the notion of nominal life. It is, in accordance with ISO definition, the life achieved or exceeded by 90 % of a sufficiently large group of apparently identical ball screws, working in identical conditions (alignment, axial and centrally applied load, speed, acceleration, lubrication, temperature and cleanliness). Service life The actual life achieved by a specific ball screw before it fails is known as “service life”. Failure is generally by wear, not by fatigue (flaking or spalling); wear of the recirculation system, corrosion, contamination, and, more generally, by loss of the functional characteristics required by the application. Experience acquired with similar applications will help to select the proper screw to obtain the required service life. One must also take into account structural requirements such as the strength of screw ends and nut attachments, due to the loads applied on these elements in service.
Equivalent dynamic loads The loads acting on the screw can be calculated according to the laws of mechanics if the external forces (e.g. power transmission, work, rotary and linear inertia forces) are known or can be calculated. It is necessary to calculate the equivalent dynamic load: this load is defined as that hypothetical load, constant in magnitude and direction, acting axially and centrally on the screw which, if applied, would have the same influence on the screw life as the actual loads to which the screw is subjected. Radial and moment loads must be taken by linear bearing systems. It is extremely important to resolve these problems at the earliest conceptual stage. These forces are detrimental to the life and the expected performance of the screw. Fluctuating load When the load fluctuates during the working cycle, it is necessary to calculate the equivalent dynamic load: this load is defined as that hypothetical load, constant in magnitude and direction, acting axially and centrally on the screw which, if applied, would have the same influence on the screw life as the actual loads to which the screw is subjected. Additional loads due, for example to misalignment, uneven loading, shocks, and so on, must be taken in account. Their influence on the nominal life of the screw is generally taken care of, consult SKF for advice.
A choice of products and services from the SKF Linearsysteme GmbH delivery programme: Profile rail guides Angular contact thrust ball bearings Ball screw spindles Rail guide tables Cylindrical roller bearings ... You will find information about the complete product range in the SKF Linearsysteme GmbH catalogues.